137 – The Lord’s Supper


THE LORD’S SUPPER
  § 137. The sacrament of the Lord’s Table,1 or the Lord’s Supper,2 or the Eucharist,3 is the divinely instituted act 4 of consecrating by the word of institution 5 the divinely prescribed visible elements bread and wine,6 of distributing 7 to the communicants 8 the consecrated elements, and of orally eating and drinking 9 in, with, and under the consecrated bread and wine the true body and blood of Christ,10 who, being present in such act,11 earnestly offers to all communicants 12 forgiveness of sins 13 and efficaciously operates toward the acceptance of such gift,14 and toward renewed assurance of its possession, and the effects of such assurance.15

1 The sacrament of the Lord’s Table,…

  I Corinthians 10:21 Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord’s Table, and of the table of devils.


2…or the Lord’s Supper,

  I Corinthians 11:20 When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Lord’s Supper.


3. …or the Eucharist,

  Matthew 26:26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is My body.

  I Corinthians 10:16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?


4. …is the divinely instituted act

  Matthew 26:26-28 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is My body. And He took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; for this is My blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.

  I Corinthians 11:24-25 And when He had given thanks, He brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is My body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of Me. After the same manner also He took the cup, when He had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in My blood: this do  ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of Me.


5. …of consecrating by the word of institution

  Mark 14:22-24 And as they did eat, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and brake it, and gave to them, and said, Take, eat: this is My body. And He took the cup, and when He had given thanks, He gave it to them: and they all drank of it. And He said unto them, This is My blood of the new testament, which is shed for many.

  Luke 22:19-20 And He took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is My body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of Me. Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in My blood, which is shed for you.

  I Corinthians 11:23-25 For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus in the same night in which He was betrayed took bread: and when He had given thanks, He brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is My body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of Me. After the same manner also He took the cup, when He had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in My blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of Me.

  I Corinthians 10:16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?


6. …the divinely prescribed visible elements bread and wine,

  Matthew 26:26,29 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is My body. (29) But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father’s kingdom.

  I Corinthians 11:20-21 When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Lord’s Supper. For in eating every one taketh before other his own supper: and one is hungry, and another is drunken. (Fermented wine.)


7. …of distributing

  Matthew 26:26-27 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is My body. And He took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it.


8. …to the communicants

  Matthew 26:26-27 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is My body. And He took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it.

  I Corinthians 11:28-29 But let a man examine himself, and let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord’s body.

  Luke 22:21 But, behold, the hand of him that betrayeth Me is with Me on the table.

  Matthew 26:26-27. See below.


9. …the consecrated elements, and of orally eating and drinking

  Matthew 26:26-27 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is My body. And He took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it.

  I Corinthians 11:28 But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup.


10. …in, with, and under the consecrated bread and wine the true body and blood of Christ,

  Matthew 26:26-28 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is My body. And He took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; for this is My blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.

  I Corinthians 10:16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?

  I Corinthians 11:27-29 Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord’s body.


11. …who, being present in such act,

  Matthew 18:20 For where two or three are gathered together in My name, there am I in the midst of them.

  I Corinthians 10:16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?


12. …earnestly offers to all communicants

  I Corinthians 11:27, 29 Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. (29) For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord’s body.

  Luke 22:19-21 And He took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is My body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of Me. Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in My blood, which is shed for you. But behold, the hand of him that betrayeth Me is with Me on the table.


13. …forgiveness of sins

  Matthew 26:28 For this is My blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.


14. … and efficaciously operates toward the acceptance of such gift,

  I Corinthians 11:25 After the same manner also He took the cup, when He had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in My blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of Me.

  Luke 22:20 Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in My blood, which is shed for you.


15. …and toward renewed assurance of its possession, and the effects of such assurance.

  I Corinthians 11:25-26 This do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of Me. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord’s death till He come.


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