134 – The Sacraments in General


THE SACRAMENTS IN GENERAL
  § 134. The sacraments are sacred acts 1 of divine institution,2 in which, wherever they are properly administered 3 by the use of the prescribed external elements 4 in conjunction with the divine words of institution,5 God is, in a manner peculiar to each sacrament, present with the Word and elements,6 earnestly offers to all who partake of the sacrament 7 forgiveness of sins 8 and eternal salvation,9 and operates toward the acceptance of these blessings, or toward greater assurance of their possession.10

1The sacraments are sacred acts…

  I Corinthians 11:24–25 This do in remembrance of Me… This DO ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of Me.

  Matthew 28:19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.


2. … of divine institution,

  Matthew 28:19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.

  I Corinthians 11:23–25 For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which He was betrayed took bread: and when He had given thanks, He brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is My body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of Me. After the same manner also He took the cup, when He had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in My blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of Me.

  Matthew 26:26–28 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is My body. And He took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; for this is My blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.

  Mark 14:22–24 And as they did eat, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and brake it, and gave to them, and said, Take, eat: this is My body. And He took the cup, and when He had given thanks, He gave it to them: and they all drank of it. And He said unto them, This is My blood of the new testament, which is shed for many.

  Luke 22:19–20 And He took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is My body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of Me. Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in My blood, which is shed for you.


3. … in which, wherever they are properly administered

See texts sub 2.


4. …by the use of the prescribed external elements

  Ephesians 5:27 That He might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the Word.

  John 3:5, 23 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, He cannot enter into the kingdom of God. (23) And John also was baptizing in Aenon near to Salim, because there was much water there: and they came, and were baptized.

  I Corinthians 10:16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?


5. … in conjunction with the divine words of institution,

  Ephesians 5:26 That He might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the Word.

  I Corinthians 10:16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?

  I Corinthians 11:24–25 And when He had given thanks, He brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is My body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of Me. After the same manner also He took the cup, when He had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in My blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of Me.


6. …God is, in a manner peculiar to each sacrament, present with the Word and elements,

  Matthew 3:16–17 And Jesus, when He was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and lo, the heavens were opened unto Him, and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon Him: and lo, a voice from heaven, saying, This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.

  John 3:5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, He cannot enter into the kingdom of God.

  I Corinthians 11:29 For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord’s body.


7. …earnestly offers to all who partake of the sacrament

  Luke 7:30 But the Pharisees and lawyers rejected the counsel of God against themselves, being not baptized of him.

  Luke 22:19–20 And He took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is My body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of Me. Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in My blood, which is shed for you.


8. …forgiveness of sins

  Acts 21:16 And now why tarriest thou? Arise, and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the name of the Lord.

  Acts 2:38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.

  Luke 3:3 And he came into all the country about Jordan, preaching the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins.

  Ephesians 5:26 That He might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the Word.

  I Peter 3:21 The like figure whereunto even Baptism doth also now save us, (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ.

  Galatians 3:26–27 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.

  Matthew 26:28 For this is My blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.


9. …and eternal salvation,

  I Peter 3:21 The like figure whereunto even Baptism doth also now save us.

  Titus 3:5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to His mercy He saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost.


10. …and operates toward the acceptance of these blessings, or toward greater assurance of their possession.

  Titus 3:5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to His mercy He saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost.

  John 3:5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, He cannot enter into the kingdom of God.


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